Began teaching at age 14. She lost a teaching job years later by refusing to give up her seat in a ‘white only” railroad car. Turning to journalism, she became co-owner and editor of Memphis weekly, free speech in 1991. Her press later and office were demolished a year when she printed names of people who lynched three Memphis African Americans. Fleeing to New York City, she became involved in anti-lynching. This bold and brave woman used her communication skills to help African American defend themselves against “amusement “hangings.